In 1962, the world came to the brink of nuclear war. The United States and the Soviet Union almost fulfilled the promise of mutual assured destruction, a promise they continued to foster through a destructive Cold War. After the Cuban Missile Crisis, both nations decided to find a solution. The result was the Valenzetti Equation. Commissioned under the highest secrecy, through the U.N. Security Council, the equation is the brainchild of the Italian mathematician Enzo Valenzetti. It predicts the exact number of years and months until humanity extinguishes itself. Whether through nuclear fire, chemical and biological warfare, conventional warfare, pandemic and over-population. The results were chilling, and attention would be paid by the DHARMA Initiative and the Hanso Foundation who joined together in a joint venture to attempt to change the equation.
Valenzetti gave numerical values to the core environmental and human factors in his equation: 4, 8, 15, 17, 20 and 44. Only by manipulating the environment, by finding scientific solutions to their problems will they be able to change those core factors, and give humanity a chance to survive.
Although the equation has been buried by those who commissioned it, it has always been Alvar Hanso's belief that we ignore warnings at our own peril; and thus, the DHARMA Initiative was born.