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A Great ManEdit
Jacob is the "great man" and "brilliant man" which Benjamin Linus talked about , which he states that "he is not a forgiving man" , but as Ben never met him he may have just said that , but he may have even believed it . He also appeared to be afraid of him , but he may have just interpreted .
The name Jacob is a red herring. Jacob is the middle name of JJ Abrams so attempts to relate the show’s Jacob to the Bible is a dead end. Instead, Jacob should be identified with the Greek god Hermes. Hermes helps people with injuries, which might tie into why people can heal quickly on the island. Hermes embodied the spirit of crossing-over: He was seen to be manifest in any kind of interchange, transfer, transgressions, transcendence, transition, transit or traversal, all of which involve some form of crossing in some sense. This explains his connection with transitions in one’s fortune. In the final episode of season 5 we see Jacob/Hermes show up at the transition point of people’s lives (Kate/stealing, Locke/becoming a cripple, Sayid/losing his wife, Jack/surgery, etc.). Jacob gives Jack an Apollo candy bar (the one that had jammed in the vending machine). Medicine and healing were associated with the Greek god, Apollo. In many Greek myths, Hermes was depicted as the only god besides Hades, Persephone, Hecate, and Thanatos who could enter and leave the Underworld without hindrance.
Interestingly, Hermes is the name of a “lost” asteroid. Hermes is an Apollo, Mars- and Venus-crosser asteroid. It was discovered by Karl Reinmuth in images taken on October 28, 1937. Only five days of observations could be made before Hermes became too faint to be seen in the telescopes of the day. This was not enough to calculate an orbit, and Hermes was "lost". On October 15, 2003, Brian A. Skiff of the LONEOS project made an asteroid observation that, when the orbit was calculated backwards in time, turned out to be a rediscovery of Hermes.
Jacob’s enemy is Cerberus. The Island has several Cerberus Vents (CV) that are identified on the blast door drawing that Radzinsky worked on while in the Swan station. In Ancient Greek mythology, the god Hermes and the monster Cerberus are thought to derive their origins from the golden jackal. The Egyptian god of embalming, Anubis, was portrayed as a jackal-headed man, or as a jackal wearing ribbons and holding a flagellum, a symbol of protection. A large engraving in the back of The Temple appeared to depict the Egyptian God Anubis and the Smoke Monster (Cerberus). [All of this was sourced from material found on Wikipedia].